भारतीय संसकृति में सर्वाधिक महत्ता है शांति पाठ मन्त्र की

  1. शान्ति मन्त्र

वेदों के वे मंत्र हैं जो शान्ति की प्रार्थना करते हैं। प्राय: सनातन  धर्म   हिन्दुओं के  धार्मिक कृत्यों के आरम्भ और अन्त और् महत्व पल  इनका पाठ किया जाता है।

Shanti Mantras are found in Upanishads, where they are invoked in the beginning of some topics of Upanishads. They are supposed to calm the mind of reciter and environment around him/her. Reciting them is also believed to be removing any obstacles for the task being started.

Shanti Mantras always end with three utterances of word “Shanti” which means “Peace”. The Reason for uttering three times is for calming and removing obstacles in three realms which are:

“Physical” or अधिभौतिक,

“Divine” or अधिदैविक

and “Internal” or आध्यात्मिक (अधि + आत्मिक)

According to the scriptures of Hinduism sources of obstacles and troubles are in these three realms.

Physical or Adhi-Bhautika realm can be source of troubles/obstacles coming from external world, such as from wild animals, people, natural calamities etc.

Divine or Adhi-Daivika realm can be source of troubles/obstacles coming from extra-sensory world of spirits, ghosts, deities, demigods/angels etc.

Internal or Adhyaatmika realm is source of troubles/obstacles arising out of ones own body and mind, such as pain, diseases, laziness, absent-mindedness etc.

These are called “Tapa-Traya” or three classes of troubles. When Shanti mantras are recited, obstacles from these realms are believed to be pacified.

विभिन्न शान्ति मन्त्र

वृहदारण्यक उपनिषद तथा ईशावास्य उपनिषद

ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदम् पूर्णात् पूर्णमुदच्यते।
पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते ॥
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

That Creator is Absolute, Complete and Full. This Universe is Absolutely Complete and Full. Only Absolutely Complete springs off That Absolute!

From That Absolute, even if Whole Absolute is taken out, only Absolute does remain!

OM Peace, Peace, Peace.

तैतरीय उपनिषद

ॐ शं नो मित्रः शं वरुणः।
शं नो भवत्वर्यमा।
शं न इन्द्रो वृहस्पतिः।
शं नो विष्णुरुरुक्रमः।
नमो ब्रह्मणे। नमस्ते वायो।
त्वमेव प्रत्यक्षं ब्रह्मासि।
त्वामेव प्रत्यक्षम् ब्रह्म वदिष्यामि।
ॠतं वदिष्यामि। सत्यं वदिष्यामि।
अवतु माम्।
अवतु वक्तारम्।
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

OM may Mitra do good to us, may Varuna do good to us,

May Aryama do good to us,

May Indra do good to us, may Brihaspati do good to us,

May Vishnu-who has vast coverage-do good to us,

(I) Salute O Brahma!,

Salutations to you O Vayu!,

Only you (Vayu) are the visible Brahman.

I say only you (Vayu) are the visible Brahman,

I say rta (divine law),

I say truth,

May that (truth) protect me,

May that (truth) protect teacher,

May it protect me,

May it protect teacher,

OM Peace, Peace, Peace.

तैतरीय उपनिषद, कठोपनिषद, माण्डुक्योपनिषद तथा श्वेताशेतोपनिषद

ॐ सह नाववतु।
सह नौ भुनक्तु।
सह वीर्यं करवावहै।
तेजस्विनावधीतमस्तु मा विद्विषावहै ॥
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

OM. Let us both protect each other together!

May both of us enjoy together!

May both of us put our energies together!

May our studies be radiantly glorious!

May there be no hatred between us!

OM Peace, Peace, Peace!

केन उपनिषद तथा छान्द्योग्य उपनिषद

ॐ आप्यायन्तु ममाङ्गानि वाक्प्राणश्चक्षुः
श्रोत्रमथो बलमिन्द्रियाणि च सर्वाणि।
सर्वम् ब्रह्मौपनिषदम् माऽहं ब्रह्म
निराकुर्यां मा मा ब्रह्म
निराकरोदनिराकरणमस्त्वनिराकरणम् मेऽस्तु।
तदात्मनि निरते य उपनिषत्सु धर्मास्ते
मयि सन्तु ते मयि सन्तु।
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

OM may my organs, speech, Prana, eyes and ears be nourished and be well, so should all (my) senses become strong. Upanishad says all this (world) is Brahman. I don’t reject Brahman, may Brahma not reject me. Let there be no rejection, let there be no rejection at all in me, let me be concentrated on Self, all those ways of righteous living told in Upanishads be in me! Be in me, OM Peace, Peace, Peace.

ऐतरेय उपनिषद

ॐ वाङ् मे मनसि प्रतिष्ठिता
मनो मे वाचि प्रतिष्ठित-मावीरावीर्म एधि।
वेदस्य म आणिस्थः श्रुतं मे मा प्रहासीरनेनाधीतेनाहोरात्रान्
संदधाम्यृतम् वदिष्यामि सत्यं वदिष्यामि तन्मामवतु
तद्वक्तारमवत्ववतु मामवतु वक्तारमवतु वक्तारम्।
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

OM let my speech be established in (my) mind, and (my) mind be established in my speech, May Brahman (Supreme Reality) reveal itself to me! May I be able to grasp the truths of the Vedas! Let not what I have heard (studied) forsake me! May I spend both day and night in study! I say rta (divine law), I’ll say the Truth; may that (truth) protect me! May that (truth) protect the teacher! May it protect me; and may it protect the speaker as well! OM Peace, Peace, Peace.

ॐ भद्रं कर्णेभिः श्रुणुयाम देवाः।
भद्रं पश्येमाक्षभिर्यजत्राः।
स्थिरैरन्ङ्गैस्तुष्टुवागं सस्तनूभिः।
व्यशेम देवहितम् यदायुः।
स्वस्ति न इन्द्रो वृद्धश्रवाः।
स्वस्ति नः पूषा विश्ववेदाः।
स्वस्ति नस्तार्क्ष्यो अरिष्टनेमिः।
स्वस्ति नो ब्रिहस्पतिर्दधातु ॥
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥

OM O gods! Let us hear good (auspicious) things from our ears! O worshipful ones! let us see good (auspicious) things with our eyes! May our organs and body be stable, healthy and strong! May we do in the life span allotted to us by gods what pleases them.

May Indra (who is) extolled profusely in the scriptures do good to us!

May Pushan (who is) knower of world do good to us!

May Taarkshya (who) destroyer of enemies do good to us!

May Brihaspati establish good in us!

OM Peace, Peace, Peace.

There are various Other sources of Shanti Mantras, of which some of the most famous are:

ॐ द्यौ: शान्तिरन्तरिक्ष शान्ति:
पृथिवी शान्तिराप: शान्तिरोषधय: शान्ति:।
वनस्पतय: शान्तिर्विश्वे देवा: शान्तिर्ब्रह्म शान्ति:
सर्वँ शान्ति:, शान्तिरेव शान्ति: सा मा शान्तिरेधि ॥
ॐ शान्ति: शान्ति: शान्ति: ॥

May peace radiate there in the whole sky, as well as in the vast ethereal space everywhere!

May peace reign all over this earth, in waters and in all herbs, trees and creepers!

May peace flow over the whole universe!

May peace flow in from the Supreme Being Brahman!

May there always exist peace in everything!

It should be peace and peace alone!

May that peace reach me too!

Om May peace, peace and peace be there in material, physical and spiritual existences!

(Translation by Swami Abhedananda, Ramakrishna Vedanta Math, India. Edited by Dr. Veda Vrata Aalok on 31st Jan. 2013.)

ॐ असतो मा सद्गमय।
तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय।
मृत्योर्माऽमृतं गमय।
ॐ शान्ति: शान्ति: शान्ति: ॥

OM! Lead us from the unreal to the real!

Lead us from darkness to light!

Lead us from death to immortality!!

Om may peace, peace and peace be there in material, physical and spiritual existences

ॐ द शान्तिर ध्न्तरिक्षँ शान्ति:,

पृथ्वी शान्तिराप: शान्तिरोषधय: शान्ति:।

वनस्पतय: शान्तिर्विश्वे देवा: शान्तिर्ब्रह्म शान्ति:,

सर्वँ शान्ति:, शान्तिरेव शान्ति:, सा मा शान्तिरेधि॥

ॐ शान्ति: शान्ति: शान्ति:॥


यजुर्वेद के इस शांति पाठ मंत्र के जरिये साधक ईश्वर से शांति बनाये रखने की प्रार्थना करता है। विशेषकर हिंदू संप्रदाय के लोग अपने किसी भी प्रकार के धार्मिक कृत्य, संस्कार, यज्ञ आदि के आरंभ और अंत में इस शांति पाठ के मंत्रों का मंत्रोच्चारण करते हैं। वैसे तो इस मंत्र के जरिये कुल मिलाकर जगत के समस्त जीवों, वनस्पतियों और प्रकृति में शांति बनी रहे इसकी प्रार्थना की गई है। इसका शाब्दिक अर्थ लें तो उसके अनुसार इसमें यह गया है कि हे परमात्मा स्वरुप शांति कीजिये, वायु में शांति हो, अंतरिक्ष में शांति हो, पृथ्वी पर शांति हों, जल में शांति हो, औषध में शांति हो, वनस्पतियों में शांति हो, विश्व में शांति हो, सभी देवतागणों में शांति हो, ब्रह्म में शांति हो, सब में शांति हो, चारों और शांति हो, हे परमपिता परमेश्वर शांति हो, शांति हो, शांति हो।